Cannabidiol, more commonly referred to as CBD, is a compound in cannabis that has been found to have many medical properties without intoxicating the patient; in fact, CBD may even counteract THC’s psychoactivity. Because it can treat various conditions without causing the “stoned” effect, CBD has become one of the most appealing choices for treatment-resistant patients suffering from muscle spasms, inflammation, seizures, psychosis, anxiety, pain, and even cancer.
Clinical and scientific research over the last several years has underscored the potential for treatment of various conditions, such as:
- Antibiotic-resistant infection
What’s the Difference Between CBD Isolate and Full Spectrum?
Because it can treat a variety of symptoms without intoxicating the user, CBD oil has become a popular choice for those looking for natural alternatives for their anxiety, chronic pain, epilepsy, and other disorders. When you first get started with CBD, one of the first choices you’ll have to make is whether you wish to get isolate or full spectrum CBD oil. But what’s the difference, anyway?
The term “full spectrum” means the CBD also has its other cannabinoids, such as CBN, CBG, and THCV, as well as trace amounts of THC, but rarely exceeding amounts of .3 percent–meaning you’re not going to get much psychoactive stimulation, if any. Isolate refers to CBD that has been isolated from its other cannabinoids, so you’ll get nothing but pure CBD.
On the surface, it might sound like CBD isolate is a stronger, more potent concentrate of the full spectrum counterpart, but the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology debunked the theory in a study in Jerusalem in 2015. Not only did full spectrum oil provide just as much relief as CBD isolate did at the normal dose, but isolate actually failed to produce continued relief at higher doses. In other words, the truth is contrary to popular belief: It turns out full spectrum oil is the more effective option of the two.
Benefits of Full Spectrum CBD Oil
The Jerusalem study from 2015 compared the efficacy of full spectrum oil compared to that of CBD isolate, concluding that full spectrum was the superior of the two. The full plant provides fast, strong relief that can last longer than many over-the-counter and prescription medications, and compared to CBD isolate. For this reason alone, many companies in the cannabis industry rely on full spectrum oil.
This entourage effect with cannabinoids is why full spectrum works better. Cannabis contains more than 100 known compounds, each of which have their own properties, but the real benefit comes from the way they synergize with one another, creating a much stronger effect than any one would on their own–and that includes CBD.
The following are some examples of the ways that the entourage effect eases various conditions:
- Anxiety disorder: THC alone may greatly worsen the problem, but consuming CBD can relieve the PTSD, stress, and anxiety while counteracting THC’s intoxication
- Gastrointestinal disorders: THC can make your appetite go up, but adding CBD can relieve any nausea that arises
- Neurological disorders: THC has been proven to help patients suffering from Tourette’s, but CBD can help relieve the complications of Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and other disorders
What’s in the Cannabis Plant?
So what else will you find in cannabis besides CBD?
- Cannabigerol (CBG): The cannabis plant transforms most of its CBG into CBD, THC or other cannabinoids, so you won’t usually find a lot of this. It is also known as the stem cell cannabinoid.
- Cannabinol (CBN): When THC degrades, it turns into CBN. Therefore, they’re usually found in trace amounts in fresh cannabis, but older cannabis will see a higher level of CBN. Because it’s associated with THC, you’ll notice a slight psychoactive affect.
- Cannabichromene (CBC): In certain cannabis strains, CBC is found in surprisingly abundant supply. Nonetheless, there isn’t a lot of research done on this cannabinoid, so there isn’t much data to work with as far as understanding its specific effects. However, research that does exist suggests it has anti-anxiety, pain relieving, and antidepressant properties.
Other cannabinoids you’ll find in cannabis include:
- Cannabifuran (CBF)
- Cannabicyclol (CBL)
- Cannabicitran (CBT)
Terpenes refer to the chemicals that give off the scent and taste profile that is so iconic of certain cannabis plants. Even in trace amounts, terpenes interact very well with cannabinoids. Some of the best known terpenes include:
- Limonene: This citrus stress reliever is often thought of as the “feelgood” terpene, because it helps elevate your mood. It can even help soothe gastric flux distress
- Pinene: It tastes like pine, and it can help boost alertness and your memory. Additionally, it can relieve inflammation.
- Humulene: A pain-relieving terpene, humulene can help suppress your appetite
- Linalool: This helps patients with stress, insomnia, depression thanks to its sedative effect
- Caryophyllene: This is another one that can calm your pain, as well as relieve inflammation and insomnia
Essential Fats and Protein
This might not be something you expect cannabis to have, but it’s true; it contains up to 20 amino acids, which include the nine essential, as well as fatty acids like Omegas 3 and 6, both of which promote improved hearth health.
Vitamins and Minerals
Full spectrum CBD also contains complex B vitamins, such as thiamine, niacin, and riboflavin, as well as vitamins A, C, and E. Finally, CBD contains the crucial minerals phosphorus, calcium, iron, potassium, and zinc, as well as beta-carotene.
CBD oil with its complete cannabinoid profile will help you sleep, reduce stress, and relieve pain at a faster rate than CBD isolate will do. Though it may be better to consume isolate than nothing at all, your best bet will clearly be going for full spectrum.